### The Importance of Fineness Modulus| Concrete Construction

Jan 01, 1994 In 1925, Duff Abrams introduced the concept of fineness modulus (FM) for estimating the proportions of fine and course aggregates in concrete mixtures. The premise: "aggregate of the same fineness modulus will require the same quantity of water to produce a mix of the same consistnecy and give a concrete of the same strength."

### Effect of Sand Fines and Water/Cement Ratio on Concrete

the sand content in concrete. The sand particles retained on the 75µm sieve were gathered, washed with water to remove left over fines and dried by spreading in air for 7 days. Table 1: Concrete Mix Proportion for Casting Specimens. Fines (%) Cement (kg) Sand (kg) Coarse Aggregate (kg) (12 mm max. size) (Fines) Normal Sand 2 15.789 0.632 30

### Effect of Fineness of Sand on the Cost and Properties of

Fineness Modulus of Sand affects Compressive and flexural strength of Concrete. Sand, with higher FM, results in higher strength of concrete. It is evident by cost benefit ratio that overall concrete mix is becoming economical if we use sand with higher FM. The results indicate that with the increase in FM, workability gets affected considerably.

### (PDF) Effect of Fineness Modulus of Manufactured Sand on

International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) Volume IV, Issue VII, July 2017 ISSN 2321–2705 Effect of Fineness Modulus of Manufactured Sand on Mechanical Properties of Self Compacting Concrete D. Pavan Kumar*1,C. Sashidhar2 1 Reserach Scholar, Ph.D, Department of Civil Engineering, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Anantapur, India 2 Professor, Department

### Air entrainment and its effects in concrete • Aggregate

Concrete materials such as cement, sand, aggregates, and other admixtures play an important role in maintaining the air-void system in concrete. It has been found that air content will increase as cement alkali levels increase (Pomeroy 1989; Whiting 1983) and decrease as cement fineness increases significantly (ACI Comm. 212 1963).

### Air Entrainment in Concrete: 10 Factors Concrete Technology

It has been established that the quantity of air increases from the lowest fineness modulus of sand and attains the peak value at fineness modulus (F.M) of about 2.5 and afterwards decreases sharply. The sand fraction of 300 and 150 micron has shown a marked effect on the quantity of air entrainment.

### What is Fineness Modulus of Sand (Fine Aggregate) and

Jul 31, 2016 Values of Fineness Modulus of Sand Fineness modulus of fine aggregate varies from 2.0 to 3.5mm. Fine aggregate having fineness modulus more than 3.2 should not considered as fine aggregate. Various values of fineness modulus for different sands are detailed below.

### What Is Air-Entraining Admixture And Its Effect On Concrete

It was established that the quantity of air increased from the lowest fineness modulus 07 sand to a peak at about F.M. of 2.5, and, thereafter, decreased sharply. Sand having a size of about 300 and 150 microns showed a significant effect on the quantity of air entrainment.

### Fineness Modulus an overview ScienceDirect Topics

The bigger the fineness modulus is, the more coarse the sand is. The fineness modulus of the sand used in ordinary concrete is within 3.7 ~ 1.6.And if M x is within 3.7 ~ 3.1, it is coarse sand; if M x is within 3.0 ~ 2.3, it is medium sand; if M x is within 2.2 ~ 1.6, it is fine sand; and if M x is within 1.5-0.7, it is superfine sand which should be considered specifically when concrete is

### Fineness Modulus of Aggregates: The Inside Scoop Gilson Co.

Changes to the grading of the coarse aggregate portion have less of an effect on overall concrete properties. Aggregate proportioning can be optimized using separate determinations of fine and coarse aggregates and blending techniques to control the FM for a concrete mix. To calculate the fineness modulus of sand, the sum of the cumulative

### HOW FINE AGGREGATES AFEECTS CONCRETE MIX DESIGN

1. Fineness Modulus. It is one of the factors that influence concrete mix design since it controls the proportion of sand in concrete mixture. The overall fineness of sand is given by factor called fineness modulus, and it is found by sieve analysis based on ASTM C 33/ M33 specifications or any other applicable standards.

### Effect of Fineness Modulus of Manufactured Sand on

Effect of Fineness Modulus of Manufactured Sand on Mechanical Properties of Self Compacting Concrete D. Pavan Kumar*1,C. Sashidhar2 1Reserach Scholar, Ph.D, Department of Civil Engineering, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Anantapur, India

### FINENESS MODULUS OF FINE AGGREGATE

FINENESS MODULUS OF FINE AGGREGATE TxDOT Designation: Tex-402-A Effective Date: August 1999 1. SCOPE 1.1 This method determines the fineness modulus of concrete fine aggregate used in evaluation of natural and manufactured sands for portland cement concrete. 1.2 The values given in parentheses (if provided) are not standard and may not be exact

### Fineness Modulus of Cement and Aggregates IIT Bombay

1. The cement sample should not have any air lumps. 2. Sieve should be done by rotating the sieve not by translation. Fineness Modulus of Fine Aggregate. Fine aggregates is the sand used in mortars. The size of the fine aggregate is limited to maximum 4.75mm beyond which it is known as coarse aggregates.

### (PDF) Experimental study on impact on fineness of sand and

Main objective is to study effect on mechanical properties of M20 grade concrete by varying fineness proportions of fine aggregate in both river sand and M-sand, which is one of the major

### FINENESS MODULUS OF AGGREGATE WHAT, WHY & HOW

Sep 01, 2014 Generally sand having fineness modulus more than 3.2 is not used for making good concrete. Fineness modulus can also be used to combine two aggregate to get the desirable grading. How to Determine Fineness Modulus? Following procedure is adopted to calculate fineness modulus of aggregate. Procedure

### Top 9 Experiments on Concrete Technology

Very fine or very coarse sand is objectionable for concrete mix because the very fine sand makes the mix uneconomic as finer the sand, greater the amount of water needed for a definite workability producing low strength concrete. On the other hand coarse sand produces harsh and unworkable mix. Thus the fineness modulus of sand should not be

### HOW AGGREGATE PROPERTIES AFFECTS CONCRETE PROPERTIES

Feb 15, 2019 The sand is graded into four zones as per table given below: A close look at the various ranges for each sieve size shows that zone 1 sand is the coarsest and zone 4 sand is finest whereas sand in zones 2 and 3 are moderate. Fine aggregate conforming to grading zone 4 should not be used in reinforced concrete.

### Effect of Sand Fines and Water/Cement Ratio on Concrete

How to cite this article: Yalley P P Sam A. Effect of Sand Fines and Water/Cement Ratio on Concrete Properties. Civil Eng Res J. 2018; 4(3): 555636.

### Fundamentals of Concrete USDA

A higher fineness modulus represents a coarser material and a lower fineness modulus represents a finer material. Knowing the fineness modulus of aggregate gives you some indication of the amount of paste needed to make concrete using the aggregate. For instance, sand with a low fineness modulus has more voids in it and more particle surface

### Manufactured Sand in Concrete PennDOT Home

• Manf sand Fineness Modulus (FM): 2.8 to 3.7 • VDOT Spec: 2.3 <FM<3.1 • Blend with natural sand • Composite FM: 2.3 <FM<3.1: Mideast Concrete Division Stone Volume Per ACI 211 FM: Mideast Concrete Mideast Concrete Division conc air 4 7 28 56 #57 NS PC MS cwt cy

### fineness modulus of sand effects on air in concrete

fineness modulus of sand solved any examples Know More. Jun 13, 2013· fineness modulus of sand solved any exampl,Effect of Fineness of Sand on the Cost and Properties of Concrete,Concrete Sand (River Sand) ,...

### fineness modulus of sand effects on air in concrete

fineness modulus of sand solved any examples Know More. Jun 13, 2013· fineness modulus of sand solved any exampl,Effect of Fineness of Sand on the Cost and Properties of Concrete,Concrete Sand (River Sand) ,...

### Fundamentals of Concrete USDA

A higher fineness modulus represents a coarser material and a lower fineness modulus represents a finer material. Knowing the fineness modulus of aggregate gives you some indication of the amount of paste needed to make concrete using the aggregate. For instance, sand with a low fineness modulus has more voids in it and more particle surface

### Fineness Modulus of Cement and Aggregates IIT Bombay

1. The cement sample should not have any air lumps. 2. Sieve should be done by rotating the sieve not by translation. Fineness Modulus of Fine Aggregate. Fine aggregates is the sand used in mortars. The size of the fine aggregate is limited to maximum 4.75mm beyond which it is known as coarse aggregates.

### Effect of Sand Fines and Water/Cement Ratio on Concrete

How to cite this article: Yalley P P Sam A. Effect of Sand Fines and Water/Cement Ratio on Concrete Properties. Civil Eng Res J. 2018; 4(3): 555636.

### Item 421 Hydraulic Cement Concrete

Sand Equivalent Tex-203-F 80 Fineness Modulus Tex-402-A 2.3 to 3.1 1. Only when air-entrained concrete is specified. Provide fine aggregate or combinations of aggregates conforming to the gradation requirements shown in Table 6 when tested in accordance with Tex-401-A unless otherwise specified. Table 6 Fine Aggregate Gradation Chart (Grade 1)

### Experimental Investigation on The Effect Of M-Sand In High

5 Fineness Modulus 6 % 2.2 FINE AGGREGATE ( M-SAND) Fine aggregate used in this research is M- sand. Fine aggregates are the aggregates whose size is less than 4.75mm. Table 2: Properties of M-Sand Sl.No. Property Value 1 Specific Gravity 2.68 2 Fineness modulus 5.2 3 Water Absorption 7.0% 4 Surface texture smooth

### QUALITY CONTROL/QUALITY ASSURANCE

gradations can be used without a measurable effect on compressive strength. Fineness Modulus The fineness modulus is an indicator of the fineness of an aggregate and is most used for evaluating fine aggregates. The higher the number, the coarser the aggregate. The fineness modulus

### Effect of reducing coarse aggregates on concrete strength

Apr 01, 2006 The aggregates were tested for specific gravity and absorption (ASTM C 127) and fineness modulus (ASTM C 33). The sieve analyses of the CA and FA (desert sand) are given in Table 2, Table 3, respectively.The specific gravity of the CAs was 2.51, absorption value was 4.68, and maximum size was 19. mm.. The fineness modulus of the desert sand was 2.74, specific gravity

### Top 9 Experiments on Concrete Technology

Very fine or very coarse sand is objectionable for concrete mix because the very fine sand makes the mix uneconomic as finer the sand, greater the amount of water needed for a definite workability producing low strength concrete. On the other hand coarse sand produces harsh and unworkable mix. Thus the fineness modulus of sand should not be

### How To Check Zone Of Sand at Site Fineness Modulus of

Dec 25, 2017 How To Check Zone Of Sand at Site Fineness Modulus of Sand Limit Learning Technology Official Website in English https://learningtechnologyofficial....

### What is the Fineness of Cement It's Test and Effects

Apr 12, 2020 The Fineness of cement can be Calculated by particle size analysis, by using the air permeability method, by using sedimentation method. How the size of Cement Particles affects the effects the hydration of Cement. To begin with, let’s understand how the size of cement particles affects the hydration of the cement.

### Concrete Aggregates Function, Properties

The fineness modulus is computed from screen analysis data by adding the cumulative percentages of aggregate retained on each of a specified series of sieves, and dividing the sum by 100. The sieves used for determining the fineness modulus are: No. 100 (150 µm), No. 50 (300 µm), No. 30 (600 µm), No. 16 (1.18 mm), No. 8 (2.36 mm), No. 4 (4

### 1006 PORTLAND CEMENT CONCRETE ADOT

2. A change of 1% in the amount of entrained air may alter the slump by approximately 1/2 inch (12 millimeters). An increase in air causes an increase in slump. 3. A fineness modulus of the sand is important because of its effect on the water demand of the mix. The finer the sand, the lower the F.M., the more water required for a given slump.

### Use of Blast Furnace Slag Aggregate in Concrete

Fineness modulus 3.44 2.3.Sand (Fine Aggregate) Locally available river sand passing through 4.75mm sieve as per IS: 383 provisions were used as fine aggregates. Specific gravity 2.85 Fineness modulus 2.79 Referring to 600 micron sieve, the percentage passing is 58.00 % which confirm that fine aggregate belongs to Zone –II as per Is: 383-1970.